Editor’s Note: Gloria is taking a much deserved week off to recharge her creative batteries. She will return next week with more goodies and insights.
In Gloria’s column last week, she wrote about the challenges of healthier eating. It was interesting to read how the Amish experience the same challenges many of us do when choosing foods, so I wanted to expand upon the topic a little this week.
Amish cooking, historically, has had an identity crisis. On one hand, people think of lard-infused pie crusts, caramel-covered cinnamon rolls, and shoo-fly as the soul of Amish food. Yet, on the other, people think of Amish food as “natural”: free-range chickens, fresh eggs and beef straight from the cow. So, which is it? A bit of both, it turns out.
In my over quarter-century studying Amish culinary culture from coast to coast, I’ve come away with some take-aways that I’d like to share.
One, Amish cooking in the middle of the 20th century was impacted by pop culture as much as mainstream cooking. Processed, prepackaged foods found their way into Amish diets. As Amish culture shifted from being an almost solely agrarian one, fast food and soda pop entered their culinary lexicon as much as anyone else’s. (I’ve been to some settlements where Amish buggies are full of Mountain Dew cases being hauled back from the supermarket.) In fact, in my experience, few Amish held on to what could be called a “natural diet,” despite the public perception. Canned soups, saltines, Velveeta, and Jell-O became as much a part, or more, of the Amish diet as anyone’s.
Over the years readers would, on occasion, ask questions about some of the ingredients in recipes that appeared in this column: “Why is there cream of mushroom soup? Most Amish cooks wouldn’t use that!” And I’d have to gently correct them and say, “Well, actually, yes, most Amish would use that ingredient.”
While the Amish strive for separateness, they are influenced by the same food fads and trends that the rest of us are. Which is why I’ve been pleasantly surprised by so many of Gloria’s recipes being true scratch-made ones that avoid processed, packaged foods. Gloria’s style of cooking seems to be the leading edge of a larger trend among the Amish.
Over the past decade, there has been a definite organic movement among the Amish of Lancaster County and, more recently, Holmes County, Ohio. This is partly driven by the profit potential in organic farming and partly because of new awareness among the Amish of healthier eating.
Gloria’s mother, Dorcas Raber, is a woman who I could sit down with and talk to all day about food. She comes from one of the most populous Amish communities and has passed down a healthier style of cooking to her children, which includes Gloria, who, by the way, wasn’t even 2 years old when I launched The Amish Cook column.
Dorcas describes the changing food tastes among some Amish:
“There is an awareness more than there used to be about cooking healthier. You hear more about Stevia, maple syrup, and sugar substitutes. More people are making the 100 percent whole wheat bread. There is much more of an awareness of healthier cooking here than their used to be.”
Dorcas got her own food traditions with a healthier bent from her mother.
“My mom is one of those outstanding Amish cooks. When she cooks and when company comes, she likes things to look nice. We never had a lot of rich, rich pudding and desserts at home. She isn’t someone who will put chocolate and peanut butter into everything.” Dorcas added that doesn’t mean her mother doesn’t make some sweet treats (coconut cream pie is a favorite).
Amish cooking is also heavily influenced by local specialties. For instance, the Amish in Unity, Maine, really embrace potatoes and blueberries as part of their menu. While these are plentiful everywhere, they are considered staples in Maine. The Amish in Texas have a heavy Tex-Mex influence on their menus.
But it’s the type of cooking that Gloria has been sharing that I am most passionate about and find most exciting. I look forward to seeing more of her scratch-made and fresh-ingredient recipes over the months ahead. I think more and more Amish will be coming aboard. That doesn’t mean cinnamon rolls are gone, but they may be whole wheat ones in the future.
This is a recipe that I’ve seen growing in popularity among the Amish. It is an example of how fruit pies are displacing sugar-filled specialties like shoo-fly.
1 cup blueberries
1 cup raspberries
1 cup strawberries
1 cup chopped rhubarb
1 cup chopped, peeled McIntosh apples
1 cup sugar, plus additional for topping
1/3 cup all-purpose flour
1 tablespoon lemon juice
Preheat the oven to 425.
Use your favorite pie crust recipe and put into a 9-inch pie pan.
Trim the overhang to even with the top of pie pan.
Set another rolled out crust aside.
In a large mixing bowl, combine all of the ingredients until well blended.
Spoon the fruit filling into the pie crusts.
Cover the pie with the top crust.
Use some water to wet the rim of the bottom crust; that will help both crusts adhere together.
Crimp the crusts together all the way around.
Make three slits in crust.
Sprinkle the top with a little sugar.
Bake for 15 minutes and then decrease the heat to 325 degrees Fahrenheit and bake for another 30 minutes until the crust is golden and the fruit filling begins to bubble out through the slits.
Readers with culinary or cultural questions or stories can write to Gloria Yoder, 10568 E. 350th Ave., Flat Rock, IL 62427-2019. To see more on the Amish, go to www.amish365.com.